Use a singleton service to manage a shared resource or state that needs to be accessed by multiple parts of the application throughout its lifetime

Post author: Adam VanBuskirk
Adam VanBuskirk
7/29/23 in

In C# development, a common scenario where a singleton service would be used is in managing a shared resource or state that needs to be accessed by multiple parts of the application throughout its lifetime. A singleton is a design pattern that ensures a class has only one instance and provides a global point of access to that instance.

Imagine you are developing a web application that connects to a database to perform various operations, such as fetching data, updating records, or running queries. Creating and maintaining a database connection can be resource-intensive, and you generally want to reuse the same connection throughout the application’s lifetime to avoid unnecessary overhead.

In this case, you could implement a singleton database service to manage the database connection. Here’s a simplified example of how you might achieve this:

public class DatabaseService
    private static DatabaseService instance;
    private string connectionString;
    private SqlConnection connection;

    // Private constructor to prevent external instantiation
    private DatabaseService()
        connectionString = "your_connection_string_here";
        connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString);

    // Public method to get the singleton instance
    public static DatabaseService GetInstance()
        if (instance == null)
            instance = new DatabaseService();
        return instance;

    // Public method to perform database operations
    public void ExecuteQuery(string query)
        // Check if the connection is closed and open it if necessary
        if (connection.State == ConnectionState.Closed)

        // Perform the query here using the connection

        // Close the connection after the operation is done

In this example, the DatabaseService class is designed as a singleton. The constructor is private, which prevents external instantiation, and the GetInstance method is used to get the single instance of the class. The GetInstance method ensures that only one instance of DatabaseService is created and returned throughout the application’s lifetime.

By using a singleton, you ensure that all parts of your application that need to interact with the database share the same database connection, avoiding the need to create multiple connections, which can be resource-consuming and potentially cause performance issues. This approach also centralizes the management of the database connection, making it easier to maintain and control access to the shared resource.

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